Precision Medicine is an approach to cancer treatment which is tailored to the patient’s specific type of cancer. Scientists use state of the art genetic sequencing to identify key genetic mutations in a patient’s tumour.
These individual variations in genes allow doctors to allocate young patients to very focussed tumour categories and prescribe treatments to their cancers’ individual makeup. As well as being more effective, highly targeted treatments are less likely to have toxic side effects.
Precision Medicine has two main goals:
- To improve the cure rate
- To reduce toxicity and so reduce the long-term effects of treatment