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Cancer in children

There are around 1,900 new cases of cancer in children in the UK every year. There are 76 types of children’s cancer that can be put into 12 main groups. The most common are: leukaemia (30%), CNS tumours (20%) and lymphomas (11%).

The types of cancer affecting children are quite different from the cancers that affect teenagers and young adults (TYA); TYA cancers are different again from the types of cancer that typically affect adults aged 25+.

Thanks to investment in research and treatment, survival has increased dramatically over the past 50 years and four out of five young cancer patients can be successfully treated.

Below you will find information about the different types of cancer which can affect children, teenagers and young adults.

Read about Childhood Cancer Statistics Read about TYA Cancers

Watch our Video

Professor Geoff Pilkington from the University of Portsmouth explains the types of childhood cancer and why our work is so important.

How does childhood cancer affect children and young people?

Read personal journeys and first-hand experiences about different cancer types from our hero patients and their incredible families.

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